Servo's Guide to Electric Cars



Servo’s guide to Electric Cars

Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular globally as a more environmentally friendly and sustainable mode of transportation. In this essay, we will discuss the history of electric cars, the current makes and models available globally, and their features.

History of Electric Cars

Electric cars are not a new concept, and their history dates back to the 19th century when electric vehicles were among the first automobiles ever made. However, their popularity waned with the rise of gas-powered cars in the 20th century. In the late 20th century, concerns over pollution, global warming, and the depletion of fossil fuels sparked renewed interest in electric cars. Since then, several car manufacturers have developed electric cars, and the technology has advanced significantly.

Current Makes and Models of Electric Cars

Several car manufacturers currently sell electric cars globally. Some of the most popular models include:

Tesla Model S, this luxury sedan was introduced in 2012 and is known for its performance, range, and advanced features. It has a range of up to 600KM on a single charge, can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in just 1.99 seconds, and has features such as autopilot, a touchscreen dashboard, and over-the-air software updates.

The Nissan Leaf is one of the best-selling electric cars globally and has been in production since 2010.  Depending on the model it has a range of up to 400km on a single charge and features such as regenerative braking, a touchscreen dashboard, and smartphone integration.

The Audi e-Tron is a luxury SUV introduced in 2018 and has a range of up to 400km on a single charge. It features all-wheel drive, a virtual cockpit dashboard, and a range of advanced safety features.

The Hyundai Kona Electric is a compact SUV introduced in 2018 and has a range of up to 450km on a single charge. It features a touchscreen dashboard, smartphone integration, and advanced safety features such as blind-spot monitoring and rear cross-traffic alert.

Other electric car manufacturers include BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, Ford, and Volkswagen.

Features of Electric Cars

Electric cars have several features that set them apart from petrol and diesel powered cars, including:

Electric motors, electric cars use electric motors instead of gas-powered engines, which provides instant torque and smoother acceleration.

Battery technology, electric cars use lithium-ion batteries, which are more efficient and have a longer lifespan than traditional lead-acid batteries.

Electric cars use regenerative braking, which captures energy from braking and uses it to recharge the battery.

Reduced emissions, electric cars produce no tailpipe emissions, which helps reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

Quieter ride, electric cars are quieter than ICE cars, which provides a more comfortable and peaceful driving experience.

In conclusion, electric cars have come a long way since their inception in the 19th century, and several car manufacturers currently sell electric cars globally. These cars have advanced features, including electric motors, lithium-ion batteries, regenerative braking, and reduced emissions. While electric cars are not without their challenges, such as limited charging infrastructure and higher upfront costs, they provide a more environmentally-friendly and sustainable mode of transportation.